GeoJSON Version of CBC Quebec Ridings Hex Cartograms with Example Usage in R

The CBC covered the recent (as of the original post-time on this blog entry) Quebec elections and used a well-crafted hex grid map to display results:

They have a great ‘splainer on why they use this type of map.

Thinking that it may be useful for others, I used a browser Developer Tools inspector to yank out the javascript-created SVG and wrangled out the hexes using svg2geojson? and put them into a GeoJSON file along with some metadata that I extracted from the minified javascript from the CBC’s site and turned into a data frame using the V8? package. Since most of the aforementioned work was mouse clicking and ~8 (disjointed) lines of accompanying super-basic R code, there’s not really much to show wrangling-wise1, but I can show an example of using the new GeoJSON file in R and the sf? package:


# get the GeoJSON file from: or
sf::st_read("quebec-ridings.geojson", quiet = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE) %>% 
  ggplot() +
  geom_sf(aes(fill = regionname)) +
  coord_sf(datum = NA) +
  ggthemes::scale_fill_tableau(name = NULL, "Tableau 20") +
  ggthemes::theme_map() +
  theme(legend.position = "bottom")

And, with a little more ggplot2-tweaking and some magick, we can even put it in the CBC-styled border:


plt <- image_graph(1488, 1191, bg = "white")
sf::st_read("quebec-ridings.geojson", quiet=TRUE, stringsAsFactors=FALSE) %>% 
  ggplot() +
  geom_sf(aes(fill=regionname)) +
  coord_sf(datum=NA) +
  scale_x_continuous(expand=c(0,2)) +
  scale_y_continuous(expand=c(0,0)) +
  ggthemes::theme_map() +
  theme(plot.margin = margin(t=150)) +
  theme(legend.position = "none")

# get this bkgrnd img from the repo
image_composite(plt, image_read("imgs/background.png")) %>% 

You can tweak the border color with magick? as needed and there’s a background2.png in the imgs directory in the repo that has the white inset that you can further composite as needed.

With a teensy bit of work you should be able adjust the stroke color via aes() to separate things as the CBC did.


It’s important to re-state that the CBC made the original polygons for the hexes (well, they made a set of grid points and open source software turned it into a set of SVG paths) and the background images. All I did was some extra bit of wrangling and conversionating2.

1 I can toss a screencast if there’s sufficient interest.
2 Totally not a word.

Cover image from Data-Driven Security
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2 Comments GeoJSON Version of CBC Quebec Ridings Hex Cartograms with Example Usage in R

  1. art Steinmetz

    Great, and valid, use of hexbins: to show a connection to geographic boundaries but scaled to a different metric than area. I would quibble with the CBC’s provincial border. The rectilinear aesthetic of hexbins clashes with the “comic sans” enclosure.


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