I had no intention to blog this, but @jayjacobs convinced me otherwise. I was curious about the recent (end of March, 2014) [California earthquake](http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-an-estimated-17-million-people-felt-51-earthquake-in-california-20140331,0,2465821.story#axzz2xfGBteq0) “storm” and did a quick plot for “fun” and personal use using `ggmap`/`ggplot`.
I used data from the [Southern California Earthquake Center](http://www.data.scec.org/recent/recenteqs/Maps/Los_Angeles.html) (that I cleaned up a bit and that you can find [here](/dl/quakes.dat)) but would have used the USGS quake data if the site hadn’t been down when I tried to get it from there.
The code/process isn’t exactly rocket-science, but if you’re looking for a simple way to layer some data on a “real” map (vs handling shapefiles on your own) then this is a really compact/self-contained tutorial/example.
You can find the code & data over at [github](https://gist.github.com/hrbrmstr/9921419) as well.
There’s lots of ‘splainin in the comments (which are prbly easier to read on the github site) but drop a note in the comments or on Twitter if it needs any further explanation. The graphic is SVG, so use a proper browser :-) or run the code in R if you can’t see it here.
(click for larger version)
library(ggplot2) library(ggmap) library(plyr) library(grid) library(gridExtra) # read in cleaned up data dat <- read.table("quakes.dat", header=TRUE, stringsAsFactors=FALSE) # map decimal magnitudes into an integer range dat$m <- cut(dat$MAG, c(0:10)) # convert to dates dat$DATE <- as.Date(dat$DATE) # so we can re-order the data frame dat <- dat[order(dat$DATE),] # not 100% necessary, but get just the numeric portion of the cut factor dat$Magnitude <- factor(as.numeric(dat$m)) # sum up by date for the barplot dat.sum <- count(dat, .(DATE, Magnitude)) # start the ggmap bit # It's super-handy that it understands things like "Los Angeles" #spoffy # I like the 'toner' version. Would also use a stamen map but I can't get # to it consistently from behind a proxy server la <- get_map(location="Los Angeles", zoom=10, color="bw", maptype="toner") # get base map layer gg <- ggmap(la) # add points. Note that the plot will produce warnings for all points not in the # lat/lon range of the base map layer. Also note that i'm encoding magnitude by # size and color and using alpha for depth. because of the way the data is sorted # the most recent quakes in the set should be on top gg <- gg + geom_point(data=dat, mapping=aes(x=LON, y=LAT, size=MAG, fill=m, alpha=DEPTH), shape=21, color="black") # this takes the magnitude domain and maps it to a better range of values (IMO) gg <- gg + scale_size_continuous(range=c(1,15)) # this bit makes the right size color ramp. i like the reversed view better for this map gg <- gg + scale_fill_manual(values=rev(terrain.colors(length(levels(dat$Magnitude))))) gg <- gg + ggtitle("Recent Earthquakes in CA & NV") # no need for a legend as the bars are pretty much the legend gg <- gg + theme(legend.position="none") # now for the bars. we work with the summarized data frame gg.1 <- ggplot(dat.sum, aes(x=DATE, y=freq, group=Magnitude)) # normally, i dislike stacked bar charts, but this is one time i think they work well gg.1 <- gg.1 + geom_bar(aes(fill=Magnitude), position="stack", stat="identity") # fancy, schmanzy color mapping again gg.1 <- gg.1 + scale_fill_manual(values=rev(terrain.colors(length(levels(dat$Magnitude))))) # show the data source! gg.1 <- gg.1 + labs(x="Data from: http://www.data.scec.org/recent/recenteqs/Maps/Los_Angeles.html", y="Quake Count") gg.1 <- gg.1 + theme_bw() #stopthegray # use grid.arrange to make the sizes work well grid.arrange(gg, gg.1, nrow=2, ncol=1, heights=c(3,1))
Pingback: Security-Vision » Mapping the March 2014 California Earthquake with ggmap
Thanks for sharing. I used your approach to visualize two smaller earthquakes which recently hit the southern part of Germany: https://github.com/alex23lemm/earthquake-analysis/blob/master/earthquake_analysis.md